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Health Tips

24 Apr'17

Foreign Body Aspiration Part I

Very young and very old patients might not be able to provide a history suggestive of foreign body aspiration. In these cases, a high Index of suspicion should be maintained and confirmatory studies should be performed promptly.

Foreign body aspiration is usually diagnosed clinically, because most patients hove acute onset of choking and intractable cough. Prompt diagnosis is essential, especially in children, since studies show that the complication rote is twofold higher in patients who arrive at a hospital two days after an aspiration compared with those who arrive earlier. Children may present with a history of choking while eating or playing, or a history of coughing and wheezing that is not improving with medical treatment. 

21 Apr'17

Gallstones

Treatment for gallstones is required if they cause inflammation of your gallbladder, block your bile ducts, or move from your bile ducts into your intestines.

Gallstones are made from cholesterol, bile pigments, calcium or a mixture of these. They are normally caused when the chemical balance of your bile contains too much cholesterol. This causes bile to form into small particles which may grow into gallstones. While we're not fully sure why some people get gallstones, they tend to be most common in older age, overweight people over 40 years of age, women In general, women who have been pregnant, women taking oral contraceptives, or undergoing high-dose estrogen therapy and people who have recently lost weight particularly if weight loss was very rapid. Diet factors: high fat, high cholesterol diet or high intake of refined carbohydrates, such as white bread and cakes.

20 Apr'17

Red Kidney Beans (Rajma)

According to an analysis, kidneys beans check the development of breast cancer. The beans exerted maximum protection, greater than that offered by apples, broccoli and blueberries. Eating kidney beans lentils, two times or more per week was connected with a 24 % decreased danger of developing breast cancer.

One of the favorite north Indian dish red kidney beans (Rajma) are exceptionally rich in antioxidants type called flavonoids, particularly in proanthocyanidins. The Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) score for a particular food is a way to measure the effectiveness of that food as an antioxidant. This method of evaluating antioxidant capacity was developed by the National Institutes of 1-kiallh USA. Kidney beans receive an ORAC score of 8,459 which means that they have a very high capacity to absorb free radicals and therefore may be of value n preventing certain diseases.

19 Apr'17

Low Rectal Cancer

However, sphincter preserving surgeries for low rectal cancers have become a norm thus saving many a patients from the stigma of a permanent lifelong colostomy. Laparoscopic surgery (including laparoscopic ally assisted surgery) is recommended as an alternative to open surgery for people with rectal cancer.

It’s a cancer located within 6 cms of the and verge, where the practice has shifted to perform a low or ultra-low anterior resection and restore Intestinal continuity and avoiding a lifelong artificial opening on the abdominal wall for passing stools Into a bag. This has become possible with Introduction of titanium stapling devices, which can reach the depth of pelvis, where hands cannot reach to stitch together the cut ends of the rectum (mechanical suturing methods called double-stapling). These surgeries are labeled as sphincter swing or low anterior resection surgery. Only o minority of rectal cancer patients (approximately 20%) requires an abdomen-perineal resection (APR), especially in locally advanced low rectal cancers. This figure might vary, especially in India, as a lot of patients might present with late disease in the lower rectum. 

18 Apr'17

Cervical Cancer

With regular screening every 3-5 years, most cases can be detected in early (pre-cancer stage) and treated appropriately.

Cervical Cancer (Cancer of mouth of womb) is the leading cause of cancer among women in India. In 2010 in India, 182,027 new cases of cervical cancer were diagnosed and 77,096 deaths occurred due to cervical cancer. Most important is to know that cervical cancer is largely preventable. If every woman gets at least one pap smear (a simple test for screening) done between ages of 30 to 45 years.

17 Apr'17

Preventing Antibiotic Resistance Part II

Becoming familiar with resistance trends in your region and talking to your patients about appropriate use of antibiotics will also be help in preventing antibiotic resistance.

For preventing antibiotic resistance healthcare providers should prescribe correctty, not treat viral infections with antibiotics, even when patients ask for them. Prescribe antibiotics only when they ore absolutely necessary giving them at the right dose and only for as long as they are needed. Avoid unnecessary overlaps In antibiotics. It Is not usually necessary to give two antibiotics to treat the same bacteria. Include microbiology cultures when placing antibiotic orders. Work with pharmacists to counsel patients on appropriate antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance, and adverse effects. Take steps to prevent transmission of resistant germs to patients or being spread in their healthcare facilities.

13 Apr'17

Preventing Antibiotic Resistance Part I

Only take antibiotics prescribed for you, do not share or use leftover antibiotics. Do not ask for antibiotics when your doctor thinks you do not need them. Prevent infections by practicing good hand hygiene and getting recommended vaccines.

Antibiotic resistance occurs when germs outsmart drugs. The widespread overuse as well as inappropriate use of antibiotics fuels, antibiotic resistance. Additionally, the overuse of antibiotics causes even more problems. Therefore take antibiotics exactly as the doctor prescribes. Do not skip doses. Complete the prescribed course of treatment, even when you start feeling better. 

12 Apr'17

Making Sense of Your Pap Test

What Pap stands for? Pap is not an acronym. It Is short form of Papanicolaou, named after the doctor who Invented the test In 1941.

Pap test is a simple test on the sample collected from the mouth of the uterus. The procedure is no more than a gynaecological check-up and is painless, taking just a few minutes. There is no preparation required for Pap test except that a douche or pessary should not be used on previous day and one should not be having periods on the day of test.

11 Apr'17

Maternal Immunization

Live viral and bacterial vaccines should be delayed till 2nd trimester.

Maternal immunization can protect both mother and infant from related infection. Ideally a woman should be immunized for measles, mumps and rubella prior to conception. The best time is to vaccinate a girl entering her teens. If done after marriage than she should not conceive within 2 months of immunization. During pregnancy routine tetanus immunization (2 doses) is done for every pregnant woman. Other vaccinations like hepatitis B, hepatitis A, yellow fever, pneumococcal, meningococcal, typhoid, rabies etc. are given during pregnancy selectively according to the requirement.

10 Apr'17

Swine Flu (H1N1)

People at high risk for developing flu related complications -Children younger than 5, but especially children younger than 2 years old, adults 65 years of age and older and pregnant women. People who have medical conditions including - asthma, neurological and neurodevelopment conditions, chronic lung disease, heart disease, blood disorders, kidney disorders, liver disorders, metabolic disorders, weakened immune system due to disease or medication (such as people with HIV or AIDS, or cancer or those on chronic steroids), people younger than 19 years of age who are receiving long-term as plain therapy.

The symptoms of H1N1 flu virus in people include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea. People may be infected with the flu, including H1N1 and have respiratory symptoms without a fever. Severe illnesses and deaths have occurred as a result of illness associated with this virus.
Everyone is at the risk but some people, however, are more likely to get flu complications that result in being hospitalized and occasionally result in death.

07 Apr'17

Passive Smoking

Recent studies comparing women exposed to environmental tobacco smoke and non-exposed women, demonstrate that women exposed while pregnant have higher risks of delivering a child with congenital abnormalities, longer lengths, smaller head circumferences, and low birth weight.

Passive smoking is the inhalation of smoke coiled, second-hand smoke (SHS), or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), by persons other than the intended active smoker. It occurs when tobacco smoke permeates any environment, causing its inhalation by people within that environment. Second-hand smoke causes many of the some diseases as direct smoking, including cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer and respiratory diseases, and also risk of ear infections, cognitive impairment & dementia and skin disorders. During pregnancy it causes low birth weight and premature birth. It can cause damage to children's carotid arteries at birth and at subsequent age.

 

06 Apr'17

Immunity

Garlic is a powerful Immune booster that stimulates the multiplication of infection-fighting white cells, boosts natural killer cell activity and Increases the efficiency of antibody production. The Immune-boosting properties of garlic seem to be due to Its sulfur-containing compound. Garlic can also act as an antioxidant that reduces the build-up of free radicals in the bloodstream.

Immunity is a biological term that describes a state of having sufficient biological defenses to avoid infection. disease, or other unwanted biological invasion. In other words, it is the capability of the body to resist harmful microbes. Immunity involves both specific and non-specific components. The non-specific components act either as barriers or as eliminators of wide range of pathogens irrespective of antigenic specificity. Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and are able to generate pathogen-specific immunity.

05 Apr'17

Diverticulosis

Risk factors Increasing age, constipation, a diet that is low In fiber, high Intake of meat and red meat, Connective tissue disorders that may cause weakness in the colon wall, hereditary.

Diverticulosis is the condition of having diverticula in the colon, which are outpocketings of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of muscle layers in the colon wall. These are more common in the sigmoid colon, which is a common place for increased pressure. Uncommon before the age of 40, and increases in incidence after that age. In Uncomplicated diverticulosis complains of symptoms such as cramping, bloating, flatulence, and irregular defecation.

04 Apr'17

Quit Smoking

More women die of lung cancer than of breast cancer.

In terms of health benefits, it is never too late to quit. Clinicians who treat patients with smoking-related illnesses, (e.g., oncologists, cardiologists, pulmonologists, emergency physicians, psychiatrists, and primary care physicians), should do more to stimulate quit attempts. The importance of smoking as a health hazard needs to be elevated. Because smoking has become a stigmatized behavior concentrated among persons of low social status, it risks becoming invisible to those who set health policies and research priorities. Yet, the need for greater attention to the policies known to reduce the prevalence of smoking remains urgent.

03 Apr'17

Menopause

Women need not quietly suffer from these as most can be taken care of by simple medications and lifestyle modifications.

Menopause, characterized by cessation of periods is a normal occurrence in the life of every woman. Though it is a physiological transition in a woman's life, it also brings in certain problems like hot flushes, night sweats, mood changes, irritability, fatigue, depression, sleeplessness etc. and may also be associated with long term problems like bone loss and urinary symptoms affecting the quality of life.

31 Mar'17

Stress

Spending quality time with friends and family and sharing your experiences and feelings with them helps in reducing stress.

Stress is a part of everyday life, be it because of work, health, finances or relationships. How you deal with this stress can determine both your success and your happiness.
Stress can be managed by maintaining a work-life balance, organize, prioritize and learn to say "no", take short but frequent breaks, don't compromise on your sleep or physical exercise, take out some "me-time"; do the things you enjoy doing.

30 Mar'17

Chest Pain – Angina Pectoris

Major risk factors include Age (> 55 years for men, > 65 for women), Cigarette smoking, Diabetes mellitus, Dyslipidemia, Family history of premature cardiovascular disease (men <55 years, female < 6 5 years old), Hypertension, Kidney disease, Obesity, Physical inactivity, Prolonged psychosocial stress.

Commonly known as angina, it is chest pain due to ischemlo of the heart muscle, generally occurring from obstruction or spasm of the arteries. Most patients with angina complain of chest discomfort rather than actual pain: the discomfort is usually described as o pressure. Heaviness, tightness, and squeezing, burning or choking sensation. Apart from chest discomfort, angina pain may also be experienced in the epigastrium (upper central abdomen), back, neck area, jaw, or shoulders. It is exacerbated by having a full stomach and by cold temperatures. Pain may be accompanied by breathlessness, sweating and nausea in some cases. Some may experience autonomic symptoms° (related to increased activity of the autonomic nervous system) such as nausea, vomiting and pallor.

30 Mar'17

Lung - Chronic Bronchitis

Cigarette smoking is cited as the most common contributor to chronic bronchitis, followed by bacterial or viral infections and environmental pollution.

Chronic bronchitis is often associated with other pulmonary diseases such as pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, tuberculosis, sinusitis and upper respiratory infections. Treatment may include oral medications, bronchodilators for inhaled medications, oxygen supplementation from portable containers, lung reduction surgery to remove damaged area of lung and lung transplantation. 

29 Mar'17

Spermatic Cord – Testicular Torsion

Testicular torsion can be intravaginal or extravaginal. Intravaginal torsion most commonly occurs i n adolescents. It is thought that the increased weight of the testicle after puberty.

Testicular torsion is a urological emergency. It refers to the torsion of the spermatic cord structures and subsequent loss of blood supply to the ipsilateral testicle. If uncorrected, it leads to testicular loss whereas early recognition and surgical correction can prevent further ischemic damage to the testis. Incidence is highest in neonates and adolescents and a high index of suspicion should be kept in any patient complaining of acute scrotal pain and swelling in these age groups.`

29 Mar'17

Coronary Artery- Acute Myocardial Infarction

The best way to prevent AMI is do regular exercise, healthy diet, no smoking & control their blood sugar & blood pressure and have regular cardiac evaluation.

Acute Myocardial Infarction AM occurs because of sudden blockage of the coronary artery. Causes include diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Smoking, Dyslipidemia, Family history of coronary artery disease. In our country compare to European & American countries people are getting AMI decade earlier, reason being urban modernization of our society, increase incidence of smoking among young males & females & India is consider to be the capital of Diabetes Mellitus.

Prevention for General population needs lifestyle modification which include, Regular exercise (20 min of brisk walking daily), No smoking, Control there BP in normal range, Low cholesterol or fat diet and after 30 years, the person should get their cardiac evaluation done regularly.  

28 Mar'17

Benefits of Brown Food

Rice bran oil may help lower LDL cholesterol.

Brown food items (e.g. brown rice and brown bread) are healthier as they contain more nutrients and phytochemicals. Several vitamins and dietary minerals are lost in the processing and the subsequent polishing process. A part of these missing nutrients, such os protein and vitamin E, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, and zinc, vitamin B1, vitamin B3. and iron are sometimes added back into the white rice making it "enriched*. One mineral not added back into white rice is magnesium. When the bran layer is removed to make white rice, the oil in the bran is also removed. 
We want you safe and healthy.

 

28 Mar'17

Brain and Spinal Cord – Viral Meningitis

Viral meningitis occurs more often than bacterial meningitis, and is milder. It usually occurs in the late summer and early fall. It most often affects children and adults under age 30.

Meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).The most common causes of meningitis are viral infections that usually get better without treatment except few viruses like herpes simplex virus which needs treatment. Meningitis may also be caused by chemical irritation, drug allergies, fungi, parasites, and tumors. Most viral meningitis is due to enteroviruses, which are viruses that also can cause intestinal illness. 
We want you safe and healthy.