Knowing Stroke- The Preventable Enemy

brain stroke attack types symptoms

A stroke, also called as “brain attack” is a medical emergency. Stroke occurs when blood supply to an area of the brain is interrupted or when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain. In such scenario, brain cells start to die as they cannot receive oxygen.

Among men, stroke is the fifth most common cause of death, each year killing the same number of men due to prostate cancer and Alzheimer’s disease combined. Stroke is also a leading cause of long-term disability.

Among women, stroke is the 3rd most common cause of death and it kills double the number of women as compared to breast cancer.

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MISC Disease: Symptoms, Treatment and Connection with COVID-19

MISC-Disease Symptoms Treatment

 

Introduction

A new syndrome is affecting the children and teenagers in 2020. It is a severe condition called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). It has a connection to COVID-19 coronavirus disease. Hence, this is a disease you need to take seriously. The U.S. disease control centre CDC recently recognized a new syndrome in children and teens.  It is a critical issue and ignorance of this pediatric inflammatory, multisystem syndrome or PIMS, can turn fatal for the affected children. The term MIS-C was first identified in April 2020, as a condition that leads to inflammation in different organs of the body. It can affect organs like heart, kidneys, digestive system, skin, blood vessels, brain or eyes. At present, MISC is rare, and recovery is possible with proper medical treatment.

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Immunity Test – Types, Importance, Labs, Test Cost in India

Immunity Test Types Cost

 

What is Immunity?

Before we describe immunity, let us first understand – What is the immune system? How does it work? The defense mechanism of the body to fight against any foreign body and infection is the immune system. It helps the body to stay healthy. Immunity renders the body the ability to be unaffected by disease-causing foreign bodies called pathogens if they enter the body.

 

The next question that you are most likely to ask is- how one can check their immunity power? The answer is an immune check-up that includes blood tests to check the parameters which depict a weak immune system. If you are still wondering how to test the immune system strength, you can visit the SRL Diagnostics website and check the covered tests.

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9 Foods for Boosting Your Immune System at Home

immunity boosters foods

 

The immune system is the defence mechanism of the human body that protects it from various diseases, flus, and infections. The situation of COVID-19 pandemic has made strong immunity a need of the hour. Although researchers and scientists are working on understanding the virus and developing its vaccine, the only solution until then is a healthy immune system.

 

Immune system boosters

A stronger immune system has a direct relation to a healthy life and infection-fighting ability of the body. Some of the powerful immune system boosters that can help in building stronger immunity are as follows:

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Malaria – Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment, Test Cost

malaria symptoms causes types

 

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a serious and life-threatening disease which is transmitted through Anopheles mosquito. The infected mosquito carries Plasmodium parasite, and when this mosquito bites, they release parasite in the bloodstream. Once these parasites enter the body, they travel to the liver and multiply. These parasites affect the red blood cells that carry oxygen; they lay eggs inside the red blood cells and multiply until the cells burst. As the parasites attack healthy red blood cells, the infection can make an individual sick and weak.

Malaria is not a contagious disease, but it can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her newborn child, blood transfusions, needle sharing and organ transplant. Malaria is usually found in tropical and subtropical countries such as Africa, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Central America, South America, Oceania, and South Asia. Each year approximately 210 million people are infected with malaria, and about 4,40,000 people die from the disease. Most of the people infected by malaria are young children in Africa who die from the disease. 

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Monsoon Diseases in India with Symptoms, Precautions, Tips

 common monsoon diseases in india

Why are mostly infectious diseases caused in monsoon?

 

By the end of summer, you await the monsoons that are a spell of relief from the scorching Indian summers. But, the monsoons are a higher-risk season for most of the country as they bring with them monsoon diseases. Diseases are suddenly on the rise during the monsoons, and the reason for this is the high moisture present in air that helps microbes, like  bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc., thrive and spread, causing disease transmission. However, with basic preventive hygiene measures, these monsoon diseases can be prevented. Higher-risk groups like kids and elders must be particularly careful during this season. You need to practise basic preventive hygiene measures to live healthy and prevent monsoon diseases.

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Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Test: Purpose, High, Low, Normal Level

bun test cost india

We are all aware of how amazingly the human body functions. Everything we consume is broken into necessary nutrients and absorbed accordingly. Also, the waste generated is discarded efficiently. However, at times our body fails to function properly, and we need to diagnose and treat it.

One such function is where our liver breaks down the proteins. In this process, it produces ammonia that contains nitrogen which later merges with other compounds to form urea. The onus of eliminating the urea lies with your body, but it depends on how well your kidneys are working.

 

What is BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) test?

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Antigen Test for COVID-19: How Is It Different from Coronavirus Testing

rapid antigen test for covid19

 

What is Rapid Antigen Test for COVID-19?

 

The Rapid Antigen Detection Test (RADT) for COVID-19 is a rapid point-of-care nasopharyngel swab test that directly detects the presence or absence of coronavirus antigen in the patient’s body, generating diagnosis results within 30 minutes. These tests are designed to detect a specific protein in the virus that elicits the body’s immune response.

 

RT-PCR, though highly accurate, requires complex bio safety compliant set ups and takes longer to give a result. We are thus seeing longer turnaround times as the number of cases rise. The antigen testing solves this problem to an extent as apart from being fast, it is highly specific and thus positive results are highly accurate.

 

How does an antigen test work?

 

An antigen is a molecule capable of stimulating an immune response. They may be proteins, polysaccharides, lipids or nucleic acids. Each antigen has distinct surface features that are recognized by the immune system.

SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has several known antigens, including its nucleocapsid phosphoprotein and spike glycoprotein, which are the visible protrusions on its surface.

An antigen test reveals if a person is currently infected with a pathogen such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Once the infection has gone, the antigen disappears. Unlike nucleic acid based tests such as PCR, which detect the presence of genetic material, antigen tests detect proteins or glycans, such as the spike proteins found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2. They usually provide test results rapidly, are relatively cheap, and can be more amenable to point-of-care use, which could make them more suitable for testing in the community and in remote regions.

 

Where will the Rapid Detection Test be used?

 

According to the ICMR, the antigen test may be performed under strict medical supervision in the following settings:

  • In the containment zones to check the symptomatic influenza-like illnesses (ILI).
  • In the containment zones to test asymptomatic high risk contacts of the confirmed cases with other chronic systemic illnesses within 5 to 10 days of contact.
  • In healthcare settings, the antigen test may be used for people showing ILI symptoms, asymptomatic cancer patients, immunosuppressed individuals, elderly patients with other ailments and those undergoing dental procedures, non-surgical procedures like dialysis or surgeries which generate aerosol.

 

Can an Antigen Test diagnose the COVID-19?

 

The rapid detection test kit has been able to achieve 99.3% to 100% accuracy in detecting the true negativity. However, the specificity to discover the true positive is between 50.6% to 80%. Thus, testing must be done by maintaining the kit temperature between 2° and 30°C, and the kit will be used in containment zones or hotspots and hospital settings only.

 

antigen testing and coronavirus testing


How is the rapid antigen test different from Coronavirus Testing?

 

The significant difference between a Coronavirus Test and an Antigen Test is technology and time. For the diagnosis of COVID-19, RT-PCR test takes a minimum of 2-5 hours, including sample collection. On the other hand, a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) takes a maximum duration of 30 minutes for interpreting a positive or negative test.

 

What are the limitations of an antigen test’s results?

 

While the antigen test can be done in less time, it has certain limitations:

  • The negative results from an antigen test may need to be confirmed with a molecular PCR test.
  • Sample collection in the hospital setting is necessary. It cannot be used as a generalized test as claimed by many manufacturers.

 

Many laboratories and manufacturers, across the globe, are trying to develop testing kits, and scientists and researchers are working to develop the vaccination. However, people are advised to stay away from false claims and must follow the official channels and mediums to receive information.

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Hypothyroidism or Underactive Thyroid – Symptoms, Treatment, Diet

Hypothyroidism Underactive Thyroid Symptoms, Causes

What is Hypothyroidism?

 

Hypothyroidism, also known as Underactive Thyroid Disease is a condition in which the thyroid glands of a patient do not produce enough crucial hormones. The hormones released by thyroid gland help use the energy generated by the body and regulate its functioning. Hypothyroidism is commonly found in the geriatric population and is diagnosed at a higher rate among women than men. The procedure for the diagnosis of Hypothyroidism is through a blood test or by observing the symptoms.

 

What are the Signs & Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

 

The signs of Hypothyroidism are sometimes difficult to identify, as they vary from person to person and depend on the severity of the condition of the patient. Majorly, it has been observed that the signs of Hypothyroidism are more evident with time. Although the disease is more relevant among the geriatric population and women, anyone can be diagnosed with Hypothyroidism. Infants, children, and teens can also be diagnosed with Hypothyroidism.
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Pneumonia Fever – Symptoms, Stages, Causes, Treatment, Cost

pneumonia fever - symptoms, causes, stages


What is Pneumonia?

 

Pneumonia is one of the most common health conditions we hear of. But what does pneumonia mean? In simple words, it is an infection that affects one or both lungs. Pneumonia fever can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi. It is contagious and can spread from one person to another.

 

What are the Early Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia?

 

Pneumonia can be spotted if one knows the symptoms. Some common pneumonia symptoms include:

  • Coughing and mucus
  • Fever and headaches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Shortness of breath and chest pain

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