Monsoons is the time for colourful umbrellas, sipping on hot chai, going on long drives, relishing the petrichor and marveling at how clean and fresh everything in nature looks. However, monsoons also happen to be the time when we are most susceptible to diseases. The rainy season is most notorious for this very reason – for making a lot of us sick. Our White Blood Cells are not as strong during monsoons due to the constant fluctuations in temperature. This weakens our immunity, thus making our body a very good potential host of various viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
Here is a list of 5 diseases you should particularly watch out for, as the clouds keep pouring:
- Dengue: Dengue mosquito thrives in stagnant water and so monsoons give it just the perfect hospitable condition to breed. Dengue fever is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes mosquito that is infected with the Dengue Virus. The common symptoms of Dengue include high fever, severe headaches, pain behind eyes, severe joint and muscle pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, breathlessness and skin rashes (that appear 4-5 days after the onset of the fever). Although there is no vaccine for dengue yet, taking precautions like not allowing water to collect at any place, staying away from crowded areas, using mosquito repellants and nets and going out wearing only full body-covering clothes, must be undertaken to minimize the chances of getting infected by Dengue.
2. Malaria: This is another mosquito-borne disease very common during the monsoon season, transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito. Its symptoms are very similar to that of dengue – high fever with chills, heavy sweating, fatigue, body aches and nausea. The preventive measures again include not letting water stagnate, wearing full sleeves, using mosquito repellants and nets.
3. Jaundice: While we all love to indulge in street food during monsoons, it should be a big NO for the chances of it being contaminated at this time of the year is very high. The symptoms of Jaundice include yellowing of eyes, weakness, yellow urine, vomiting, and liver dysfunction. The best way to prevent Jaundice is to consume boiled water and only home-cooked food.
4. Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea or frequent liquid bowel movements could be caused by being infected by bacteria, virus or a parasite. The symptoms include frequent loose stools, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever and chills. Preventive measures to keep diarrhoea at bay include drinking boiled water and eating only home-cooked food.
5.Typhoid: Caused by S. Typhi bacteria, Typhoid is a water-borne disease caused by contaminated water or food. Typhoid is marked by fever, headache, sore throat and weakness. The best way of preventing yourself against Typhoid is by always carrying a hand sanitizer along, sticking to home-cooked food and drinking healthy fluids.
Along with following the preventive measures to stay away from each of these diseases, it is advisable go for a for a Full Body Preventive Health Check-up or a Blood Test in order to be certain of your health status and in order to diagnose and start treating the disease at its nascent stage, if at all.
In order to enjoy rains, it is first important to be well. Umbrella yourself not just from the rain drops, but also from diseases this monsoon! Keep health first!