The term ‘arthritis’ can be used to describe any kind of disorder that is associated with the joints. Arthritis affects more than 10 million people per year in India. It deters people from doing their day to day activities with ease. Osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis are some of the types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. The general arthritis symptoms include pain in the affected area, swelling, and stiffness. However, some types of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis can affect other organs of the body and be responsible for many other arthritis symptoms. Although Arthritis disorder is more popular among people who are more than 65 years of age, but nowadays people belonging to all age groups have been diagnosed with arthritis.
The causes of arthritis vary for different arthritis types:
- Any kind of injury can lead to degenerative arthritis. Degenerative arthritis is a condition when the flexible or protective tissues (also known as cartilage) at the ends of bones undergo wear and tear. With age, this kind of arthritis only gets worse.
- Gout is another type of arthritis which is caused due to the accumulation of urate crystals. Accumulation of urate crystals is mainly due to a higher level of uric acid in your blood. Sudden and severe attacks of pain and swelling are the most common characteristics of Gout.
- Osteoarthritis is another type of Arthritis, that can be passed down genetically from one person to another.
- Bacterial infection can cause another form of arthritis called Lyme disease. This kind of infection is transmitted by ticks.
- Autoimmune conditions lead to rheumatoid arthritis. An autoimmune disorder is a condition which occurs when the immune system of your body attacks healthy tissues.
These are some of the basic causes of arthritis but most of the causes are unpredictable and occur without any prior notice.
Some people are more prone to arthritis than others because of hereditary factors. Some of the associated risk factors are:
- Age – People who are above the age of 65 years are more prone to this disorder than others.
- Gender – 60% of people affected by arthritis are women. Men are more affected by Gout.
- Genes – Certain genes are more specific to a certain type of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Weight – Excessive weight or obesity can increase the chances of getting knee osteoarthritis.
- Joint injuries – An injury to the joint can also lead to osteoarthritis.
- Infection – many kinds of microbial infections can attack joints and cause progression of various types of arthritis in the joint.
- Occupation – Occupations that require repetitive activities leading to the exertion of knees can also lead to osteoarthritis.
Although there are almost 200 different types of arthritis, they have been divided into seven main categories: –
- Inflammatory arthritis
- Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
- Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
- Back pain
- Connective tissue disease
- Infectious arthritis
- Metabolic arthritis
Your doctor will check for inflammation, redness, and swelling in your joint if there is a possibility of arthritis. These are some of the main symptoms that might be visible. If you have severe pain in your joints or you have trouble in movement and the joint area seems to be stiff and not flexible then you should definitely seek medical help. Arthritis symptoms vary and may not be the same for everyone.
There are several ways to diagnose arthritis. Arthritis diagnosis can either be done by imaging tests that include X-Ray, Computerised tomography scans, magnetic resonance imaging, or through various laboratory tests.
Laboratory tests –
Blood, urine, and joint fluid can be analyzed for subsequent diagnosis.
X-Ray uses low radiation to get a visual that can help your doctor identify bone spurs, loss of cartilage and damage to the bone. CT scans take X-Rays from all angles to provide a visual presentation of the internal structures. CT scans produce images of bones and tissues surrounding it. Magnetic resonance imaging uses a magnetic field and combines them with radio waves to produce a more distinct and clear image of tissues like cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of tissues and cartilage for arthritis diagnosis.
Medications that have been developed for arthritis cure do not reverse the damage caused to the joint or bones but it helps in the reduction of pain, inflammation, and other symptoms of arthritis. Some medicines that will help you are as follows –
- Analgesics: This type of medication helps in the reduction of pain but it doesn’t help in reducing inflammation.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug: They help in the reduction of pain as well as inflammation. Some over the counter medicines such as ibuprofen are also available. However, it is best to consult your doctor before consumption of the medicine.
- Counter-irritants – These are ointments that consist of menthol or capsaicin, for reducing pain during the treatment phase.
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug – This kind of drug stops the immune system of the body from attacking healthy tissues.
- Corticosteroids – This kind of drug reduces inflammation and also works on the immune system.
Your doctor may prescribe surgery if medications do not work or under other suitable circumstances for permanent cure.
Exercise and weight loss can be one of the most integral parts of arthritis treatment. You can follow a simple yet effective arthritis treatment diet, consisting of food that has significant properties for treating arthritis. For example – garlic and ginger have anti-inflammatory properties that can help improve arthritis. Arthritis treatment diets mostly consist of food that is highly beneficial to your overall health and not just the symptoms of arthritis.
Arthritis test cost generally starts from Rs.800 in India. You can book arthritis test online for home collection with SRL Diagnostics. We provide the most trustworthy results and hassle-free services for diagnosis of arthritis. So, stop worrying about the pain and seek treatment; contact us today for immediate service.