What is a Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Test?
GFR full form is Glomerular Filtration Rate. It is a number that indicates how well the kidneys are functioning. GFR meaning in medical terms is simply a measure to understand how well the kidneys can manage and remove waste from the body. GFR test to check kidney function is available widely. Specifically, it estimates how much blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. Glomeruli are the microscopic bundles of blood vessels inside nephrons that acts as tiny sieves in the kidneys that filters waste and excess fluid from the blood.
eGFR is estimated GFR and is a mathematically derived entity based on a patient’s serum creatinine level, age, sex and race.
What is a Kidney Function Test (KFT)?
The filter of your body, the kidneys filter waste materials and toxic substances out of your blood and other body fluids. Besides filtering, kidneys also aid in balancing the natural salts like sodium, potassium, and acid levels in the body and are vital for the production of RBC (Red Blood Cells), Vitamin D, and blood pressure-regulating hormones. Your doctor might prescribe you to take the Kidney Function Test or KFT or if he/she feels there’s an issues with your kidneys. Also, if you are diabetic, or suffer from hypertension, then also renal tests are prescribed to monitor your health.
Symptoms of Kidney Problems
Here are some common Kidney problem symptoms that are indicative of any underlying issues with the filtration system of your body –
What is Kidney Stone – Types, Pain Area, Symptoms, Labs In India
Kidney stones — also known as renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or lithiasis – are hard and crystalline deposits of salts and minerals that tend to form inside your kidneys.
The cases of kidney stones are quite common, and it has been found that one in every twenty people develop renal calculi in his or her lifetime.
Our kidneys eliminate fluid and toxic materials from our blood in the form of urine. At times, when the volume of these toxic substances gets more than the body fluid, the former clumps together to form deposits and these deposits are known as kidney stones.