What is Malaria?
Malaria is a serious and life-threatening disease which is transmitted through Anopheles mosquito. The infected mosquito carries Plasmodium parasite, and when this mosquito bites, they release parasite in the bloodstream. Once these parasites enter the body, they travel to the liver and multiply. These parasites affect the red blood cells that carry oxygen; they lay eggs inside the red blood cells and multiply until the cells burst. As the parasites attack healthy red blood cells, the infection can make an individual sick and weak.
Malaria is not a contagious disease, but it can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her newborn child, blood transfusions, needle sharing and organ transplant. Malaria is usually found in tropical and subtropical countries such as Africa, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Central America, South America, Oceania, and South Asia. Each year approximately 210 million people are infected with malaria, and about 4,40,000 people die from the disease. Most of the people infected by malaria are young children in Africa who die from the disease.