Cortisol Level Test: Purpose, Procedure, Results & Labs

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Cortisol is a major hormone present in our body and is an important contributor to a lot of bodily functions. When our body senses danger it releases the adrenocorticotropic hormone which further triggers the adrenal gland to secrete Cortisol. When that happens, the body is able to handle the problem at hand. The Cortisol level test is conducted to know whether there are unusual levels of this hormone in the body. Let us have a look at the Cortisol level test, its purpose, procedure, and the results.

 

Purpose of the Cortisol level test

 

A Cortisol level test is conducted to find if there are any abnormalities associated with the Adrenal gland. This includes diseases like Cushing’s syndrome and Addison’s disease. Both of these ailments happen when the Cortisol level is not within the desired range.

 

Symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome are:

 

  • Obesity
  • High Blood pressure
  • High blood sugar
  • The tendency of skin to get bruised
  • Muscle weakness
  • Irregularity in periods
  • Excess hair on the face

 

Symptoms of Addison’s disease are:

 

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dark patches on the skin

 

Symptoms of the adrenal crisis caused by a drop in Cortisol levels:

 

  • Low blood pressure
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dehydration and diarrhea

 

The procedure of the Cortisol test

 

Following are the steps involved when a Cortisol test is conducted:

    • The patient is made to sit in a chair and the vein in the arm is made visible by tying an elastic band.
    • The area around the vein is cleaned with rubbing alcohol.
    • Blood is extracted from the vein and transferred to a collecting tube.
    • Now the rubber band is removed from the hand and a bandage is applied to the area.

 

Results of the Cortisol level test

 

If the Cortisol level test is conducted between 6-8 AM, the levels of the hormone ideally should lie between 10-20 micrograms/deciliter. In case the levels are below the ideal ones, it signifies an ailment like Addison’s disease and Hypopituitarism. The use of certain drugs can also lower the cortisol levels but the doctor would be able to decide that.

On the other hand, certain medications and unnecessary stress can cause an increase in the levels of Cortisol. It also means the body is suffering from a tumor in the region which secrets Cortisol.  Pregnancy also increases Cortisol levels in the body.

 

Labs and tests

 

The Cortisol test is important in the sense that it makes you aware if the body has been afflicted with any serious ailments. However, to get accurate results, you must get your test conducted from a trustworthy lab service. SRL diagnostics has its centers all over India and with a simple search for “Cortisol level test lab near me”, you can visit our website. Apart from informing you about Cortisol level test cost and other details, they comply with the highest safety standards for conducting the test and provide prompt and accurate results.

 

 

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