Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Precautions & Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

 

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease, which is common in tropical and subtropical countries of the world. The climatic conditions of these nations are favorable for the growth and survival of the mosquito that carries the dengue virus. In India, the cases of dengue fever are highest after the monsoon season. In the 1950s, severe Dengue was recognized for the first time in the Philippines and Thailand, but it has now spread across most countries in Asia and Latin America. People from other countries also develop this fever if they travel to tropical areas. The cases of Dengue have dramatically increased across the whole world in recent decades.

 

What causes Dengue?

 

  • The fever is caused by the dengue virus, which is transmitted into athe human body by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the species Aedes aegypti.
  • Aedes aegypti was originated in Africa but is now found in tropical regions across the world. Sometimes, Aedes albopictus mosquitoes also spread the virus in rare cases. Experts explain the four serotypes of dengue virus; DEN 1, DEN 2, DEN 3, and DEN 4.
  • The mosquito is a day breeder, which means it is most active after sunrise and before sunset, and therefore particular care must be taken during this time.
  • The mosquito causes mild and severe Dengue. However, only 1 in 20 people develop severe Dengue, but doctors advice not to take any chances in the diagnosis.
  • Infants, pregnant women, and people who have suffered earlier from Dengue are at higher risk of developing severe Dengue.
  • Although Dengue may occur in both rural and urban areas, studies have shown that it is most common in rural areas. It is, therefore, that governments of affected nations have now started educating their rural population about the disease.

 

 

What are the symptoms of Dengue?

 

It is a flu-like illness and affects everyone; infants, children, and adults. Symptoms are generally seen three to fourteen days after the body is infected. People often show two types of symptoms; mild and severe. Sometimes, the mild symptoms are mistaken for viral fever and may risk a person’s life if tests are not performed in time. People are advised to visit the health care specialists and doctors if they develop a fever and other related symptoms. People in regions other than tropical and subtropical regions must also see a doctor if they have travelled abroad in the recent past.

 

The symptoms of Dengue can be observed between three to seven days, and are as follows:

  • Headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Pain in the joints, muscles and the bone
  • Swollen glands
  • Nausea and vomiting

 

Whereas, if the condition is not stabilized even after a week of rest and reducing fever, then it may develop into severe dengue or dengue shock syndrome. Sometimes, the fever may vanish because of the medicine, but it may not actually lead to recovery. The patient’s blood pressure may damage the blood vessels. Symptoms to consider as warning signs are:

  • Sudden and rapid drop in platelet count
  • Severe pain in the abdominal area
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Difficulty in breathing or rapid breathing
  • Cold or clammy skin
  • The feeling of too much fatigue
  • Irritability and restlessness
  • Traces of blood in urine, stool, or vomiting
  • Bleeding under the skin which often looks like bruises

 

What is the treatment for Dengue?

 

There is no specific medication or treatment for Dengue. However, a dengue patient is treated with acetaminophen (or paracetamol) to fight the effects of fever. If Dengue becomes severe, it can damage the lungs, liver, and heart. A sudden drop in blood pressure may even lead to shock or death. It is because of this that doctors immediately refer patients for hospitalization. This helps in round the clock observation of the patients’ health. It is consuming plenty of fluid and complete rest as long as required are other things that help in the recovery from this disease. It may sound or feel like any other fever, but if not diagnosed in time, it may prove fatal.

 

The tropical areas across the world that are most affected by Dengue are:

  • Southeast Asia
  • Southern China
  • The Indian subcontinent
  • The Pacific Islands
  • Taiwan
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • The Caribbean except for Cuba and the Cayman Islands
  • Central and South America except for Chine, Paraguay, and Argentina

 

 

Precautions for Dengue

 

Since there is no medication available for Dengue; preventive measures may help in reducing the chances of people developing this disease:

  • Doctors often advise parents to use mosquito repellent for children as they go outside to play.
  • Early evening or dawn is the time when most people are bitten, and hence try to stay indoors.
  • Children must wear full-length clothes and shoes while playing on the ground.
  • Using air conditioning in the closed rooms also helps in keeping the mosquitoes away.
  • Avoid using strong fragrances, as mosquitoes are attracted towards the strong scent.
  • Stagnant water is the breeding ground for Aedes mosquito, and hence care must be taken to check and remove stagnant water everywhere inside and around the home.

 

Cost of Dengue Test

 

In most of the cities dengue test price ranges between ₹1100-₹2000 depending upon the facilities, services and technology (manual, semi-automated, fully-automated) that the lab provides. .

The price of the test is nothing compared to the long- term benefit you’ll be getting from it. So, it is better to invest a little on your health now and enjoy a healthy tomorrow.

 

Why choose SRL for diagnosis?

 

There are more than one reason why a patient or their family should choose SRL for dengue test and various other health care facilities. With its laboratories and collection centers present across the whole nation, SRL is one of the leading diagnostic centers of India. All these dengue test lab near you perform more than 1,25,000 tests every day with the help of modern tools and the most recent techniques of diagnosis. This helps in faster test results with readings that are more accurate.

It is also recognized by The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, which makes it a trusted name among doctors and patients for tests and diagnosis. It offers facilities like health care packages, online test booking, sample collection from home, and online test reports through its PAN India network. Early and correct diagnosis plays a crucial role in the fight against Dengue, and SRL is committed to playing its role with complete dedication.

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