Fatigue – Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Home Treatment

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What is fatigue? 


The state of extreme tiredness due to either physical or mental disturbance can be termed as a fatigue. Under fatigue, a person hardly has any motivation or enthusiasm and feels sleepy all the time. It is to be noted that the feeling of tiredness and fatigueness is actually a symptom rather than a disease.

Fatigue is a major symptom of many medical issues that range from mild to severe. Some personal circumstances such as lack of discipline and poor diet are a natural result as well.

While fatigue can be observed every now and then, its root cause is very difficult to estimate. Thus, fatigue is categorised into two different types of fatigue:

1.  Physical fatigue

Physical fatigue can result from certain factors like muscle weakness, where a person finds it difficult to do any physical labour. Generally, a fatigue strength test is considered as a diagnostic tool for such fatigues.

2. Mental fatigue

Lack of concentration is one of the prominent contributing reasons for mental fatigue in people.

Fatigue or Sleepiness?

It is myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) that commonly contributes to fatigue, a typical yet severe medical condition.

Sleepiness, on the other hand, results in lack of sleep in any person. Conditions such as sleep apnoea contributes to this ailment. Proper rest and regular sleep can prevent the condition of sleepiness or drowsiness.


What are the causes of any fatigue?

As a big concern, there are many possible reasons or causes of fatigue. They vary from low blood supplies to diseases affecting the metabolic processes of tissues in the body to diseases that cause cognitive impairment, from infectious diseases and inflammatory conditions. The causes of fatigueness can be classified under four different types:


Various medications like dosage patterns, sudden withdrawal of medications can lead to fatigue in various cases. Innumerable drugs such as steroids, antidepressants, sedatives, or anti-hypertensive drugs, etc. can lead to fatigue.


Distorted Sleep Patterns

Various cases of fatigue can be observed due to sleep apnoea, working mismanagement, esophagitis, insomnia, etc.


Mental health issues

Boredom, stress, worries, family issues, drug and alcohol abuse, or clinical issues like depression can lead to mental fatigue stress.


Chronic cases of pain

Chronic pain patients often wake up during the night. They are generally exhausted and not very well rested, unable to sleep properly. Patients associated with sleep failure can lead to persistent fatigue.


Symptoms of fatigue

Exhausted physical or mental function is the main sign of weakness. After resting or sleeping, the individual is not refreshed. Daily activities such as jobs, education, and care for others can be challenging under such circumstances. Other common signs and symptoms of fatigue include drowsiness, irritations, muscle pains, gastric problems, blurriness, and lack of motivation, etc.


Diagnosis of fatigue

Fatigue tests are conducted in order to determine the root cause for this ailment. These tests are required to determine the anatomical performance or functioning of various organs for establishing whether it is a kidney problem, liver problems or any other issues. Under fatigue tests, various blood tests, urine tests, along with mental health counselling is conducted.

SRL being the best testing lab, offers the best fatigue test package  which includes evaluation of ferritin, iron, Vit B12, percentage of transferrin saturation, and TIBC. These tests are the best for the people who lack motivation and are feeling tired all the time.


Home treatment for fatigue


Apart from cognitive behavioral treatment and yoga, there are various home treatments of fatigue. These include:



A proper and a decent sleep is the key to perfect management of fatigue. Soothing music, warm bed, and ideal room temperature are the proper ingredients required to induce good sleep in a fatigue- diagnosed person.


Physical activity

Even if you have not exercised actively for some time, you should gradually start exercising. A doctor or sports therapist can help. Exercise during the day is most productive for you.


Eating and drinking habits

In order to induce decent and a pleasant sleep, it is very much important to keep a track record of food habits. It is important to consume nutritious, yet only adequate amounts of food. Proper sleep can happen only when someone avoids consuming large amounts of sugar, junk foods, etc.


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