Food Poisoning – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diet, Prevention

food poisoning symptoms causes treatment

 

What is food poisoning?

 

It is very common to feel unrest in the digestive system because of unhealthy eating habits but food poisoning meaning extends beyond that. Referred to as foodborne illness in medical terminology, food poisoning is a condition in which a person feels uncomfortable including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea after eating toxic, spoiled, contaminated or infected food. In case you or someone in your family falls prey to it, SRL Diagnostics is here to help.

 

Symptoms of Food poisoning

The extent to which food poisoning affects our body depends on the cause.  Most common signs and symptoms of food poisoning are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mild fever and weakness
  • Headache

 

When to See a Doctor?

 

People often consider it a common condition because of the sedentary lifestyle and in some cases, the condition goes away on its own but SRL Diagnostics suggests that it is time a person visit a doctor, if:

  • There is no or minimum urination with diarrhea
  • There are blood traces in stool or vomiting
  • There is loss of appetite
  • The body is unable to hold the liquid intake
  • The person is feeling dizzy and weak

 

What causes food poisoning?

 

The common food poisoning reason includes the consumption of spoiled food and food contamination because of viral, bacterial, and parasitic agents in the food. Therefore, bacteria, viruses, and parasites are the main food poisoning causes. Among them, food poisoning caused by bacteria is most common and that caused by parasites is quite rare. Food infected with the virus is not very common but it proves fatal wherever it happens. Campylobacter and C. Botulinum, Toxoplasma, and norovirus are the common bacterial, parasitic, and viral agents respectively.
 

Who is at risk of food poisoning?

 

Though every human runs risk of developing food poisoning, some people are more prone than others in developing the condition. These include persons with the condition of autoimmune disease or a weak immune system, which is quite common in children because they are still developing, old people, and pregnant women who are already going through various changes in body systems.
 

Diagnosis of food poisoning

 

The symptoms that patient reports are adequate for a doctor to find out if it is a case of food poisoning. However, there are different tests on how food poisoning is diagnosed in severe conditions like blood traces in stool and vomiting or watery diarrhea for more than 3 days. In these conditions, a doctor often wants to know the causing agent and its quantity present in the patient’s body to provide the required treatment. We at SRL Diagnostics assist you in every kind of test quickly and accurately with the help of our widespread network of labs and collection centres.

 

How is food poisoning treated?

 

As mentioned above food poisoning treatment depends on which agent caused the food poisoning. Food poisoning medicine includes diarrhea medication like Imodium and Pepto-Bismol. Additionally, the person must remain hydrated with water, high electrolyte drinks, fruit juice and coconut water.
 

Diet For Food Poisoning

 

Diet plays an important role not just in staying healthy but in recovering from conditions like food poisoning. Therefore, there is a certain food that you should include and others that you should exclude from your diet.

 

What to eat in food poisoning?

 

  • Soothing herbs like chamomile, peppermint, and dandelion
  • Gelatine
  • Banana
  • Rice
  • Boiled vegetables
  • Oatmeal

 

What not to eat in food poisoning?

 

  • Drinks with caffeine in them
  • Food with fatty contents
  • Spicy food
  • Fried food
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