Children are the most energetic folks, and perhaps this is why parents fail to see the need for early health checkup for them. This screening and test are not merely because your child might have fallen sick, but preventive methods to ensure the growth of the child happens most naturally. Also, this is the best way for the doctor to understand what is healthy for the individual kid.
What happens during the test?
The oxygen level, heart rate, and temperature are monitored. These are called vital signs, and a nurse collects the readings as the first step, and a painless device of plastic is used for measuring this. These signs tell the doctor if everything is okay with your child. Early diagnosis of the issues is possible with this step.
Height and weight measurement is the second step. This simple measurement is a sure shot way to check if the child gets enough nutrients to grow. Percentile of these factors helps the doctors and parents to compare the growth of the child with the peers.
Next parents and the doctors discuss the child’s health. The pediatrician analyses the results and if necessary, comes up with solutions on a diet, and activities.
Head to toe examination comes next. The pediatrician checks the eyes, nose, throat, lungs, heart and every organ till the toe.
The schedule for immunization tells if vaccinations are to be given during this session.
There are few other tests that the doctor might recommend based on the requirement.
- For kids with low birth weight, anemia test is done during the first birthday. This is to check if the hemoglobin levels are right.
- When parents have high cholesterol, a cholesterol test is conducted for children of 2 years of age. This can also be recommended by the doctor if the family history suggests chances of cholesterol in a child, or if the child is obese.
- If the child lives in close contact with someone who has got TB, then this test is mandatory.
The doctor also can insist on a test for vision and hearing health. This test starts before 3 years before the child starts schooling. Early detection can help the child to possibly come out of the trouble or at least take necessary treatment at the earliest.
Warning signs of vision issues
- Squint eyes
- A frequent headache
- Problems of copying from a blackboard in schools.
- Blurred vision
- Inward or outward turning of eyes.
Warning signs related to hearing issues
- Lack of or inadequate response to calls and noise.
- Development of speech is nowhere near the usual levels.
- Speech that sounds abnormal or close to sounds.
Why is this necessary?
A few problems can be detected at a very age. They include-
- Eye problems like myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism
- Sinus issues
- Hearing loss
- Lead poisoning
- Learning disorders
- Psycho and social issues
- Speech disorders
Leukemia, heart diseases and other problems that are life-threatening can be identified at an early age. Preventive measures can be taken to control the disease. Upcoming health issues can be determined and can be treated in the right manner. The tests include screening for dental health, sleep deprivation, skin infections, infections in the digestive tract, and lot more.
The tests are conducted by pediatricians and support staff are also present there. The parents can discuss with the doctors about the schedule for checkups. Usually, it starts at 3 years of age. The treatment does not need to be medication always. It includes yoga, diet corrections, breathing exercises and lifestyle modification. At times, modifications at the parent’s end are required. For instance, if the child shows signs of wheezing, the parent who is a smoker, should quit smoking, or at least smoke far off from the child. Health checkup once in a year is the only way to ensure a healthy and happy childhood.