Aedes aegypti mosquitoes have become popular again with the rains pouring down this season. These mosquitoes are responsible for spreading dengue, which is a severe fever causing a lot of muscle and bone pain. In India each year, 25000 people suffer from this vector-borne disease, and many people die because of dengue. Dengue fever is more dangerous when it is also hemorrhagic, where the blood platelets become very low causing bleeding in the internal organs resulting in circulatory collapse.
These mosquitoes predominantly bite during the day. The cure for dengue prevails, but prevention of dengue is the best option.
Dengue can be prevented with ease. There are many things you can do, and they are simple and very quick to do.
- Do not allow water stagnation. This is one of the areas where you need to double check. From the water stagnated around your house, to the flower vase, every water source has to be drained. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes lay eggs only in clean water, and in water where organic waste like decayed leaves are present. So, ensure unwanted irrigation too is avoided. Also, if you have to store water in vessels for your home, keep it closed. Many people might not consider, but the broken buckets, coconut shells filled with water can be a threat. When left in the open, they can collect rainwater when it pours. So, they naturally become the place for these mosquitoes to breed.
- Keep the environment clean. All the drains should be checked for leaks. Before it rains, clean your terrace area. Clear all the blocks to ensure water does not stagnate on the terrace. Rule out any chances of water stagnation in dirty pots in the garden. Check the chokes. Remove all wastes like plastic tires, broken utensils from the surroundings.
- Use mosquito repellants you are comfortable with. Some topical creams and gels can prevent mosquito bites. Use nets while sleeping, and ensure children are covered adequately. Some repellents can be used during the day and night with electricity sockets. Use coils in case of lack of power supply.
- Wear clothes that cover entirely, for instance, long-sleeved garments are better choices. Dark colored clothes can attract mosquitoes a lot. So, use clothes that are light in color.
- If you are rearing animals, change the water from which you feed the animals twice a day. With natural organic matter, the saliva from the animals, and clean water, the mosquitoes that spread dengue and malaria can thrive.
- Do not venture into the very crowded residential area, especially the places where dengue breakout is maximum. Try taking home remedies that can improve the immunity
- Children under the age of 12 years and pregnant women need to be more cautious as the symptoms are more severe for
In short, to prevent dengue, you have to be careful and vigilant. Do not allow any defective grounds as you cannot afford to be lazy and procrastinating.
Take Care of the Dengue Symptoms
While you have tried everything, and feel safe, this does not mean that you can ignore the symptoms. In case of any of the following symptoms, rush to the doctor.
- Sudden high temperature
- Rashes on the skin
- Severe vomiting
- Bruising of skin
- Pain behind the eyes
- Pain in neck region
- Pale and clammy skin
- Bleeding from nose and gums
- Skin rash
- Febrile convulsions
- Lymph glands swelling
- Pain in the joints
- Persistent vomiting
- Sharp pain in the abdomen
- Lungs, liver and heart problems.
Your doctor would suggest a blood test immediately when these symptoms of more than 2 or 3 coexist. In case of only fever, you will be given medication for a day, and blood test would be recommended if the temperature does not subside. Dengue treatment is easier when detected early, so do not waste time.