The study of diseases, its causes and progression come under the medical term pathology. A biomedical or clinical scientist analyzes your blood samples, stool, and urine samples to find what disease you suffer from. Finding this is very crucial because you cannot see what medical treatment can be offered unless you have diagnosed the disease and its causes.
There are different areas of specialization in pathology. The study of chemicals in the blood is called chemical pathology, and the study of disorders in the blood is called hematology. By histopathology, it means study of human tissue, and medical microbiology implies a study of infection. Different areas of pathology services might be required for diagnosing various diseases.
The reason for recommending the tests or screenings is to find the causes of disease. If the disorders are seen at an early stage, the treatment begins early, and the ailment does not develop into a severe condition. For cancer, genetic disorders and other diseases, doctors feel that screening in the early stage can prevent lots of problems, including financial issues.
With the screening, it is easy to find the potential health risks. You can check if you are at the risk of any particular disease. For instance, when you regularly monitor the blood sugar levels, you can get to know if you are prediabetic. The cholesterol levels in the body when checked in regularly frequency, can tell if you are at the risk of heart disease. The results are important, and again your weight, lifestyle, and habits are accounted to check for any illness and the risk factor.
Sample Collection and Results
When the specimen is collected, you will see them labeled with your name and the name of the test. This ensures the sample is not mixed up with the others. So, you can be sure that the results are accurate and are based on your body conditions.
For the results to arrive, it might take 1-2 days for the maximum. For a few tests, a couple of hours is enough. In case of the samples that need to be kept under controlled conditions, to check the growth of bacteria or virus in it, you need to wait. The culture needs time to grow, and then the tests are performed. A few tests can be done only in the highly specialized laboratories. For instance, when you go for hormone imbalance testing, it cannot be done in every other laboratory, and specialized labs are required for it.
Diagnosis and Treatment
At times the diagnosis isn’t easy. The simple ailments can pose the symptoms of the terrible conditions. This means you need to undergo simple tests, to check if the disease is really threatening as it seems.
With the pathology tests, the doctors can keep a check on the progress of your disease. They can also determine if the treatment you are given really works for you. If the condition is eased, the treatment is on the right track, and there can be a decrease in the dosage. When it is worsened, it means the medication has to be modified, or there are underlying issues to look after.
So, whether it is a simple blood test, ultrasound, x-ray or another diagnostic test the role of a reputed diagnostic or pathological services is highly crucial. So choose the right diagnostic services to get the accurate results.