Stomach Ache Reasons for Abdominal Pain, Cramps, Treatment

Stomach Ache Reasons for Abdominal Pain, Cramps, Treatment

Stomach pain is not something anyone wouldn’t have had in a lifetime. It can be as simple as temporary gastric symptoms, or as serious as a heart attack. Generally, pain in any area in the digestive tract, below the chest area, till the pelvis can be called as stomach pain by people. The most appropriate term here is abdominal pain. As the abdominal area contains many kinds of organs, medical practitioners divide them into 4 quadrants – left upper, left lower, right upper and right lower.

Pain in the left side of the abdomen can be due to indigestion, gas, constipation, IBS, hernia, kidney stones or menstrual cramps. Pain right lower abdomen can be a major symptom of appendicitis. The other reasons could be a kidney stone, ulcers, hernia, IBS or UTI.


Causes of abdominal pain


1. Indigestion:

People suffer from indigestion either due to bad eating habits or due to problem with the digestive track like ulcers or GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux)

2. Gas:

Gas is the normal result of swallowing and digestion while indigestion leads to gastric problems, where people feel heartburn or nauseated or bloated.

3. IBS and IBD:

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) causes abdominal pain and changes in bowel. It can occur after a bacterial or parasitic infection. IBD which is Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of intestinal disorders caused due to prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract.

4. Constipation:

Dehydration, lack of dietary fibre, physical inactivity or any medical side effects can lead to constipation.

5. Food intolerance:

In this case, stomach pain occurs due to the body’s intolerance to certain types of foods, like the condition of lactose intolerance.

6. Food poisoning and infection:

Food poisoning is caused due to certain types of bacteria, virus or parasites that infect one’s system. It can cause stomach problems like nausea, vomiting, constipation, loose motions, etc.

7. Urinary Tract infection:

This infection can be caused in any part of the urinary system, the bladder, kidneys, or the urethra. Stomach pain is one of the symptoms.

8. Menstrual cramps:

Medically referred to as dysmenorrhea, women get these cramps during their menstrual period. They can vary from mild to severe, or constant to infrequent pain.

9. Cancer:

In the case of cancer of stomach, colon or other related organs, there are chances of stomach pain.

10. Pneumonia and Heart attack:

The chest pain in these conditions is sometimes spread in the surrounding areas. Hence, one can even feel stomach ache as a symptom of pneumonia or heart attack.

11. Aortic aneurysm:

It is where one aorta weakens and suffers from bulging, causing severe pain in the chest, back or stomach.

12. Appendicitis:

Appendicitis calls for a surgery when the appendix is blocked by faeces, some foreign object, or at times by tumour.


Home Remedies For Stomach Pain


There are several home remedies one can rely on. Listed here are a few:

    • Avoid eating solid foods until you get better.
    • Sip water in small intervals.
    • If you’ve had loose motions or vomiting, eat, only if you are hungry. Stick to semi-liquids like rice ganji, thicker soups, apple sauce, etc. Hydrate with oral rehydration solution (ORS) to compensate for fluid and electrolyte loss.
    • Avoid acidic foods, fruits, dairy foods, smoking, drinking, caffeine, etc.
    • If the pain is severe, especially in cases of chest burn and nausea, try an antacid.
    • In case of continued symptoms, please contact your physician.


Gas Problems


Gases play a major role in the digestion process. But if they get caught up between our intestines, and we are not able to release them, then that causes the trouble. If our food and drinks are high in carbon content, it means that our eating habits are unhealthy, and they call for stomach problems.


Home Remedies For Gas Problems


Here are a few home remedies for pain and discomfort caused due to gas problems:

        • Yoga Asanas like pavanamuktaasan, baalaasan, paschimottanasan, etc. help in releasing gas.
        • Over the counter medicines like activated charcoal, simethicone help in releasing gas bubbles in the stomach.
        • Herbal teas like Chamomile and Peppermint are known to help subside gas problems.
        • Apple cider vinegar mixed in warm water or any beverage helps relieve bloated stomach.
        • Munching on a one-fourth teaspoon of spices like ajwain, cloves, ginger can help too.


Most of the gas problems are sorted with little lifestyle changes practiced by the patient. E.g.:

      • Drinking plenty of water throughout the day. Lesser post evenings.
      • Exercise daily, sufficiently and regularly. You can consult an expert to understand the right formula for you.
      • Include fruits, greens and curd to your routine meal.
      • Ensure there’s a sufficient amount of roughage in your daily food intake so that the digestion process runs effortlessly.
      • Limit dry, ready-to-munch snacks. Avoid oily and acidic foods.
      • Follow sleep timings. Ensure you have a sound sleep.
      • Most importantly, stay happy. Stay stress-free.
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