High blood pressure (HBP) or Hypertension (HTN or HT) is a long term medical condition where the pressure exerted by the blood over the arteries is continually elevated. Blood Pressure is measured as systolic and diastolic pressure. The Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) is the pressure when the heart contracts and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) is the pressure noticed between the heartbeats. For an average person, the blood pressure is 120 /80 mmHg. Symptoms of high blood pressure are visible in some patients, while other patients might show no symptoms even though they have a high blood pressure.
Obesity has become one of the most common health risk factors leading to significant illnesses in recent years. Worldwide obesity has increased three-fold since 1975. Although obesity may be a result of genetics, more often than not, it is a result of poor eating behaviour. BMI (Body Mass Index) is a simple way to measure body fat based on height and weight, for adult men and women.
What is BMI and BMI tests?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered to be a value that can be determined from the weight and height of a specific human being. There are a certain set of ranges that are used to determine whether an individual is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese.