Thyroid Problems: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) may be a condition in which your endocrine gland does not release enough of  vital hormones.

Women, particularly those older than age sixty, are more prone. Gland disease upsets the conventional balance of chemical reactions in your body. It rarely causes symptoms within the early stages, however over time, untreated gland disease will cause variety of health issues, like , joint pain, psychological conditions and heart disorders.


The good news is that correct thyroid blood test makes it easy to diagnose gland disease after which the treatment gets easy.




The signs and symptoms of gland disease vary, reckoning on the severity of the internal secretion deficiency. However normally, any issues you have got tend to develop slowly, typically over a period of years. To help yourself timely diagnose these symptoms and their cause, take a thyroid test at home.

At first, you’ll barely notice the symptoms of gland disease, like fatigue and weight gain, otherwise you could merely attribute them to getting older.
However as your metabolism continues to slow, you’ll develop more obvious signs and symptoms.
Gland disease signs and symptoms could include:



  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Hoarseness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Elevated blood sterollevel
  • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Heavier than normalor irregular menstrual discharge periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Slowed pulse
  • Depression
  • Impaired memory





  • Autoimmune disease
  • Treatment for hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Medications
  • Congenital disease
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Pregnancy
  • Iodine deficiency




Blood tests:


Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of thyroid tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormones, T3 and T4 (thyroxine). A low level of thyroxine and high level of TSH indicate an underactive thyroid; that’s because your pituitary produces more TSH in an effort to stimulate your thyroid gland into producing more thyroxine.


Standard treatment for glandular disease involves daily use of the artificial hormone levothyroxine (Levothroid, Synthroid, etc). This oral medication restores adequate endocrine levels, reversing the signs and symptoms of glandular disease.


One to 2 weeks after beginning treatment, you will notice that you feel less fatigued. The medication conjointly lowers steroid alcohol levels elevated by the sickness and should reverse any weight gain.

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