Health and overall well being are the most significant concerns. A variety of health issues deteriorate your system. So, it is vital to understand the causes, symptoms, and remedies for these problems comprehensively. Let us focus on UTI and find out different aspects of this problem briefly:
What is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI):
Your urinary tract is a crucial organ that filters your blood and disposes of the impurities through urine. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) may be the infection in any of these parts, including your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra; mainly the lower urinary tract.
Usually, most of the patients don’t practically notice the symptoms of UTI. Yet, the following are the symptoms showing the persisting issue of UTI:
- You may feel a frequent and strong urge to urinate.
- Another common symptom is the burning sensation when you urinate.
- A small quantity of urine may pass at regular intervals.
- You may notice some sign of blood in the urine through its red, pink or cola-type colour.
- A strong and abnormal smell of urine.
- Women usually notice pain around their pubic bone and at the centre of the pelvis.
Causes In Men & Women:
The human urinary tract is designed to address any bacterial infection. Yet, sometimes this mechanism may fail in some instances. Usually, the bacteria enter through the urethra and grow in the bladder. As these bacteria succeed in multiplied growth, Urinary Tract Infection occurs.
UTI in Female:
Cystitis: Escherichia coli or E Coli is the type of bacteria that mainly causes this. Sexual intercourse and the short distance from the urethra to anus among women allows entry to the bacteria.
Urethritis: This is the infection of the urethra due to spreading of gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria through the anus to the urethra. Some sexually transmitted infections can also cause urethritis due to the short distance from the vagina to urethra among women.
In some cases, sexual activity, menopause and diaphragm used as contraceptive increases the risk of infection among women.
UTI in Men:
The causes of UTI in men include:
- Loss of bowel control,
- Any recent surgery on the urinary tract,
- Exposure of the glans due to uncircumcised penis,
- Considerably less fluid intake,
- Anal intercourse.
You need to cultivate the following habits to prevent UTI:
- Drinking sufficient water is essential to dilute the urine and frequently flush the bacteria.
- Drinking cranberry juice may help in the prevention of UTI.
- Don’t forget to urinate and empty the bladder after every sexual intercourse.
- Don’t use irritating products in the genital area.
- Avoid diaphragms and unlubricated condoms for birth control.
Lab Test For UTI:
The specialist doctors conduct the following lab tests to diagnose UTI:
- Urine sample analysis: This test helps the doctors to determine the severity of the infection.
- Urine culture: To determine the type of bacteria in the tract, the doctors grow the infective bacteria in the lab.
- Ultrasound/ CT Scan/ MRI Scan for imaging: These tests allow the doctors to analyze any irregularities and abnormality in your urinary tract.
- Cystoscopy: The doctors use a thin tube with a lens to check the internal parts of your bladder and urethra.
The doctors decide the line of treatment based on your diagnosis and medical history. Prescribing antibiotics may be the first step. For simple infections, they prescribe some drugs and antibiotics. Yet, if the problem is complicated, the doctors may recommend diagnosis and treatment like vaginal estrogenic therapy, administering intravenous antibiotics and some other treatments.
Antibiotic For UTI:
The doctors prescribe fluoroquinolones such as Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and Levofloxacin (Levaquin) to treat complicated UTI or kidney infection. They recommend taking a complete course of prescribed antibiotics. For normal infection, the course may be much shorter. For frequent infections, the doctors recommend a small dose of antibiotics initially for about 6 months and a single dose after every sexual intercourse.
It is always better to prevent UTI and whenever you notice any of the symptoms, you should consult your family physician so that the problem can be rectified at an early stage.