5 Common Winter Diseases With Symptoms and How To Prevent Them?

common cold winter disease

Winter is finally here. So is the sudden dip in temperature followed by a season of common winter ailments. While gearing up for the charming winters with everything necessary, we should not forget about its other side, the side that’s not that welcoming or pleasant. Yes, winters also mean a season of health conditions that can pop up due to the sudden fall in temperature and other related factors.

 

At SRL Diagnostics, we believe that it is never too late to take care of yourself. So, without making any delay, let’s take a look at some of the most common winter illnesses that can take a toll on your overall health.

Let’s discuss about the signs, symptoms, and prevention tips for each winter disease. Let’s read on!

 

Common Winter Ailments

 

Some of the common health conditions that people suffer from during winters include the following:

  • Common Cold
  • Flu
  • Bronchiolitis/RSV
  • Strep Throat
  • Norovirus

 

Everyone should have some basic information about winter-borne diseases.

In fact, it would be a great idea if you know about the signs, symptoms, and prevention tips for each winter disease.
It will help you deal with the issues efficiently.

 

1.  Common Cold

 

What is it?

Often ignored as part and parcel of the season change, the common cold is a viral infection. It affects both children and adults alike and more likely to subside in 2 to 4 days. However, if it continues for a significant duration, seeking medical help is crucial.

 

Symptoms

 

Following are the symptoms of Common Cold:

  • Headache
  • Burning sensation in eyes
  • Chest congestion
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Low-grade fever

 

Prevention

 

Some preventive measures to fight the common cold:

  • Take plenty of rest
  • Drink plenty of water and other fluids
  • Have home-cooked food only
  • Wash your hands properly to prevent spreading
  • Seek medical intervention, if needed

 

 

2. Flu

 

What is it?

Often mistaken as a symptom of the common cold, the flu or influenza is an infectious health condition that mainly affects the respiratory tract. It is caused by the influenza virus and can be mild to severe in nature. It can last up to 6 to 7 days.

 

winter disease flu

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of the flu include the following:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Fever and chills
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Cough and cold
  • Headache
  • Body pain
  • Pain in ear
  • Fatigue
  • Itchy eye
  • Redness in eyes

 

Prevention

Below are some useful tips to prevent from flu:

  • Keep your mouth and nose covered while sneezing and coughing
  • Maintain enough distance from the person suffering from the same
  • Respiratory hygiene is important.
  • Wash your hands to avoid the passage of germs to another person
  • Workout regularly
  • Eat immunity-boosting food

 

 

3.  Bronchiolitis/RSV

 

What is it?

As the name suggests, it is an infection of the respiratory tract. It is caused by the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) that mainly affects children. In the beginning, the symptoms may resemble the common cold or flu. However, as the disease progresses, it can get more severe.

 

winter disease Bronchiolitis RSV

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of Bronchiolitis/RSV includes the following:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Low to high-grade fever
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Dehydration


Prevention

 

You can prevent bronchiolitis from getting more severe by doing the following:

  • Taking enough rest
  • Keeping yourself hydrated by drinking lots of fluid
  • Washing your hands properly to prevent further contamination
  • Seeking medical advice

 

 

4.  Strep Throat

 

What is it?

Strep throat is a more critical version of a sore throat that’s caused by a bacterial infection. It is quite common among school-going kids. The best treatment for this winter illness is antibiotics prescribed by a medical professional.

 

Strep throat winter disease

Symptoms

 

Below are some symptoms of Strep throat:

  • Sore throat
  • Pain in throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Prevention

 

The preventive measure of strep throat are given as under:

  • Wash your hands before eating
  • Drink lots of water to keep yourself hydrated
  • Drink warm to hot fluids
  • Gargle, the moment you feel soreness in your throat
  • Take proper rest

 

 

5.  Norovirus

 

What is it?

Norovirus is also called the winter vomiting bug that infects the stomach. Norovirus is a very infectious virus that can affect people of all ages and strike throughout the year. However, norovirus infection is very common in the winter season.

It causes diarrhoea and vomiting and stays for 1 to 2 days.

norovirus winter disease

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of Norovirus are indicated by following signs:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever and chills

 

Prevention

 

Below are the tips on how to prevent Norovirus:

  • You should practice proper hand and oral hygiene.
  • You should wash your food properly before cooking.
  • Keep your home neat and clean.
  • You should not cook if you are not well.

 

Why do we fall sick during winters?

 

Well, there could be a number of reasons behind the same. It includes –

  • A sudden dip in the temperature
  • Overeating and oversleeping owing to the weather
  • A weak immune system, etc.

 

No matter what, seeking medical attention is highly advisable. At SRL Diagnostics, we offer a wide range of lab test packages including fever panels and infectious disease panels. Knowing your body parameters well will help you to keep health issues at bay.

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