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A better understanding of diabetes in terms of its causes, symptoms and preventive measures can go a long way in helping you protect against it, or at least, manage it better. The information shared in this article will allow you to take necessary steps in this regard.

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what is diabetes

An introduction to Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease characterised by high blood glucose levels. The food that we eat is transformed into glucose or sugar to provide our body with the energy. Insulin, the hormone produced by the pancreas, is responsible for absorption of glucose into the cells of our body. In diabetes, the body is unable to make enough insulin or can't use it well, resulting in high blood sugar levels.

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is of three types - Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes (diabetes in pregnancy, which affects both the pregnancy and the baby's health and could lead to Type 2 diabetes later). In Type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to make enough insulin. On the other hand, in Type 2, it is unable to use it efficiently to keep the blood sugar levels in the desired range. The Type 1 diabetes is less common than Type 2 diabetes with only 5% of the diabetic people suffering from it.

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors Include

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors being overweight
Being overweight
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors being 45 years or older
Being 45 years or older
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors having a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
Having a parent, brother,
or sister with type 2 diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors being physically active less than 3 times a week
Being physically active
less than 3 times a week
Symptoms of Diabetes

The symptoms below are usually found in diabetic people but not all diabetes patients experience all or some of these symptoms. In keeping with this, it is advisable to consult a doctor in case you feel that you have diabetes.

symptoms of diabetes frequent urination
symptoms of diabetes excessive thirst
symptoms of diabetes unexplained weight loss
symptoms of diabetes extreme hunger
symptoms of diabetes sudden vision changes
symptoms of diabetes tingling or numbness in hands or feet
symptoms of diabetes tiredness
symptoms of diabetes very dry skin
In patients with Type 1 diabetes, nausea, vomiting, or stomachache may accompany these symptoms.

Prevalence & Incidence


As per WHO 2015 Data, estimated 795 million people in the world has diabetes andthe prevalence is growing


52% population in India (or 36 million people) remains undiagnosed for diabetesas per 2015 data


India constitutes to 8.7% of the total world population i.e 69.1 million people inIndia are living with diabetes


Nearly 90% of people with pre-diabetes aren’t aware of its long-term risks to their health such as heart attack, stroke, blindness, and amputation. If left untreated, 15 – 30% of them will develop Type 2 diabetes within 5 years. However, pre-diabetes often can be reversed through weight loss, diet changes and increased physical activity.

causes of diabetes

Causes of Diabetes

The rising prevalence of diabetes is driven by a combination of factors, including rapid urbanisation, sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy diets, tobacco use, and increasing life expectancy.

diagnosis of diabetes

Diagnosis of Diabetes

According to several research reports, people are much more likely to make the necessary lifestyle change once they are aware of their condition. In case you are diagnosed with pre-diabetes, you should get in touch with a physician for further confirmatory tests. This will help you make the necessary lifestyle changes in order to prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Management

There isn't a cure yet for diabetes as yet but a healthy lifestyle can really reduce its impact on your life. It's actually a balancing act involving food, activity, medicine, and blood sugar levels. Manage your diabetes throughout the day by the following the tips below.

Eat healthy diet

More fruits and vegetables and less sugar and salt

Stay physically active

10 to 20 minutes a day is better than only an hour once a week

Take diabetes medicine

As prescribed by your doctor

Get sugar levels tested regularly

To track how food, activity and medicine affect your blood sugar levels

Diabetes Check
  • diabetes check


    Glucose Fasting & PP, Glyco Hb(HBA1C), BUN, Creatinine, Lipid Profile, Urinalysis

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    Hba1C- Gold standard marker for 3 months glucose average and Glucose Fasting

  • heart package


    Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, VLDL, LDL/HDL ratio, Total Cholesterol/HDL ratio, Triglycerides

  • liver package


    Liver enzymes (SGOT, SGPT), Bilirubin Total, Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

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    BUN, Creatinine (Kidney Functions)

  • throid package


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  • bone health

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Extensive Diabetes Check
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    Blood Sugar Fasting, Plasma, Urine, Mean Plasma Glucose, HbA1c, PP Plasma, PP Urine

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    Total Cholesterol, HDL, VLDL, LDL, HDL/LDL Ratio, Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio, Triglycerides

  • Kidney

    BUN, Creatinine, Spot Urine Microalbumin, Albumin/ Creatinine Ratio, Creatinine Urine

  • General Body CheckUp-Urinalysis

    Colour, Appearance, PH, Specific Gravity, Glucose, Protein, Ketones, Blood, Bilirubin, Urobilinogen, Nitrite, WBC, Epithelial Cells, RBC, Casts, Crystals, Bacteria

In other words, a combination of healthy diet, physical exercises and regular tests can help you live a diabetes-free life or
keep your diabetes in check. For more information on diabetes or its diagnosis, write to us at